Comply with visits and ophthalmological treatment, protect yourself with glasses and make proper use of contact lenses, as well as adopt good habits and hygiene measures, are some of the basic recommendations
There are many measures we can take to avoid eye health problems or, at least, minimize them and prevent them from having more serious consequences. These are easy routines that we can incorporate into our day-to-day or harmful habits that we do, either consciously or unconsciously, and that we should avoid.
We have carried out a quick survey among some of our specialists and the first recommendation we have found is to undergo periodic eye examinations, especially if we have a family history of certain hereditary eye diseases. In general, in the case of children, the first examination should be done before the age of 4 years and, thereafter, annually throughout childhood. But adults should not neglect our visits to the ophthalmologist either, whether we perceive any abnormality or apparently we do not notice anything, since there are many eye diseases that initially do not give symptoms.
A key moment to get complete control is the 40 years, when the degenerative process of the eye is activated and tired eyesight ( presbyopia ) begins to appear and more serious pathologies associated with maturity develop, such as AMD or glaucoma. Therefore, at that age, it is essential to have a fundus taken and eye pressure is taken. Our experts also emphasize the importance of being rigorous when complying with the specialist’s indications, whether in the event that we have a refractive defect and they prescribe optical correction, or if we need medical treatment for any ocular pathology.
Following the guidelines indicated by our ophthalmologist, for example, putting the indicated drops on or not lengthening the time that elapses between one dose of medicine and another, is basic advice for the treatment to be effective.
Undoubtedly, the patient has an active role in the care of their eye health and the main aspect in which we must influence is prevention, through many ways. ophthalmologists, optometrists, and nurses give us several tips in this regard: for example, use sunglasses with appropriate filters, since solar radiation produces cumulative damage and can favor the appearance of pathologies such as AMD, or use glasses protective when practicing sports such as paddle tennis or swimming, since trauma and eye irritation, respectively, are frequent and perfectly avoidable.
Another aspect that highlights our team is to make good use of contact lenses, not bathing with them, taking them off to go to sleep, and not wearing them for longer than indicated, in addition to always maintaining good hygiene. Being meticulous in this last point is essential whether or not we are wearing contact lenses, and we can all apply it with good makeup removal and regular eyelid cleaning. We must do this gently since the eyelids are very delicate structures and we have to pamper them.
For this, among other measures, they recommend not sleeping face down, as it is a position that, adopted repeatedly, can cause chronic damage and make them become lax. The habit of rubbing the eyes is also totally inadvisable: in the long run, it weakens the cornea and in the short term reactivates the itching, instead of making it disappear.
We often experience this stinging sensation when we spend hours in front of screens. It is one of the typical discomforts caused by dry eyes (as a consequence of the decrease in blinking), against which specialists suggest the use of artificial tears that keep our eyes constantly hydrated. Likewise, they advise taking visual breaks, looking into the distance every 20 minutes, approximately, in order to relax the gaze.
Finally, one last recommendation that we have surely heard many times in order to take care of our health and that, in the same way, affects our eyes: follow a healthy and balanced diet, beneficial for the body as a whole and, therefore, a good Helps to help prevent ocular aging.